اخلاق و آزادی
Ethics, is it relationship between universal and subjective and its relationship with freedom?
Undoubtedly, one of the most controversial issues around the world is a real comprehension of ethic in daily life. Many scientific and philosophical lecturers believe in the idea that giving a universal definition for ethics is as breath-taking as framing a robust structure justifying its diversity categorised by indigenous and national cultures, religion and different lifestyle in the four corners of the glue. Nonetheless, it is worth mentioning that the vast majority of articles and researches defending a strong tied link between ethics and freedom have been attended to in public and academic atmospheres.
First and foremost, it is crystal clear that ethics has been extracted from natural law. This attitude obviously defending an actual relation between ethics and natural laws as a divine gift has been paid attention to increasingly. The proponents strongly claim that the ethics cannot be created just by human. Hence, it has metaphysical roots. Dalia (2004) attempts to explain this approach in his article entitled: “the ethics of natural law according to Thomas Aquinas” He once said ethics comes from God. On the other hand, some authors think it can be justified only by social agreements categorised by either states or both social and public institutions, whereas it has been influenced by natural laws and regulations. They frankly do not refuse the root send role of religious, whole while this belief is vitally pushed to show what is of great value to attend to is the arrangements of human conduct’s just by public red organizing individualism as well as social roots to strengthen the society as a whole. Irrespective of the subjective or objective comprehension, justify of ethics it seems how possible and important it is for freedom the frame work of ethics. In a quick glance it is that a claim that freedom would be restricted by ethics. Generally speaking, it is not so hard to accept that religious either in a limited comprehension of ethics, or its expanded concept is able to shape freedom. Niche, Bach and Griseous are mentioned as followers of such a mentality. However, some lecturers seriously oppose this approach. They claim it is not possible to agree with opposed approach for ethics. Alternatively, to be logical top redefine. Freedom by social necessity, not just by do sand don’ts. This attitude attempts seriously to regulate norms and codify definite customs in order to arrange individual and social relationship. While, law makers and states propose practically focusing on social needs works successfully in supreme target of role of law. Hence, people from all walks of life accept more easily dictated orders.
Having cited above points, it seems different ideas presenting the like between freedoms and ethics have been mentioned in the whole of philosophy history. What is of great value is both ethic and freedom overlaid with each other. Both of them play a parallel role to prepare a better atmosphere to live.