The flood the consequences and the responsibility: The right of people and responsibility of the people of the governments
A grave responsibility has been disused controversially about planning the governmental approaches focusing on the management of the hazards including floods impacts on local problems and solutions. The fatal consequences of a flood becoming larger influence on national territories and regional parts of a continent. Consequently, the role of states and local governments (regional, city or district councils) focuses on the daily management of flood risks not limited to the expected time for flooding, although the instant activities to prohibit society from damaging more is the robust primary reaction performed immediately. It seems people and their governments should work in collaboration to constrain the increasing results of the flood changing the daily live in their communities. If not, it is likely to damage not only people living now, the next generations so well. There is a myriad of flood consequences to Attend to. Obviously, floods have serious and awful impacts on both individuals and communities as a whole. They also include social, economic and environmental consequences, while a flood like all natural events in the creation has two sides: Negative and positive. It has depended on the location and extent of flooding and also vulnerability and value of natural and constructed environments it affects. First and foremost, floods have large social consequences for societies as well as the individuals who have lived in the areas influenced by floods irrespective of their value. The immediate impacts of flood including human life, damage to properties, destruction of crops, loss of livestock as well as deterioration of health conditions owing to waterborne diseases. Unfortunately, power plants, roads and bridges are damaged. In addition, some daily economic activities may come to standstill and then people are forced to leave their homes and make a grave disarray in their normal lives. Last but not least, flood can also increase its victims and their families and influences their live in long terms and includes deep impacts on them, especially, children. All of them impact on the national local or regional business and social affairs. They increase the rate of stress. It causes psychological impacts for the vast majority of people and it can be long lasting. The responsibility of both individuals and stated are noticeable to control and decrease the grieving consequences of floods. The states in capital or their governors in different areas must prepare some instructions and regulate laws and administrative booklets enforced by the governments and the highest authorized officials in advance for flood’s consequences. Such laws and instructions must include how necessary it is for both people and the states to restructure urban constructions to lead floods to damage natural places like forests, rivers and soon less. Education is another solution highly recommended by experts to behave principally in front of natural disasters like floods. The states, officials and other policy makers must increase public awareness regarding the necessity of the improvement lifestyles in order to predict the flood’s consequences and manage their activities specially areas which are on the verge of flooding in mountains and riversides. Universities, colleges, research centers and NGOs or civil societies, therefore, play a formidable role to justify people to what extent they are useful to control the flood’s results. Media including newspapers, magazines and TV shows or documentary programs created by meeting financial resources by the government or NGOS play vital role to achieve controlling targets. Last but not least, supporting activities of flood is a must to reshape the people to reset their live. As mentioned above, flood impacts on social and business infrastructures. The homes, farms, shops or local industries are likely to be damaged vastly. People should be protected from the fatal consequences of a flood. If not, people will be faced with the vast apathy and the social disorder will be raised as a national security problem. Having cited above points, I strongly believe in the idea the people and states have to work shoulder to shoulder in order to control and manage the flood’s consequences. Neither people more states can work without each other. Although the vast range of protecting recommendations have been advised to both governments and communities. Undoubtedly.it is not logical to ignore the vital role of education about flood and all kinds of administrative conducts dictated by scientific and governmental centers. Without any comprehensive strategy planned for national and regional scales, all strong predictions fail to decrease flood consequences.